Beginner Analog Discovery, Module 1

Voltage Instrument

DC Power Supplies

Applying voltage using the Analog Discovery's Voltage instrument to a diode to produce light.

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Voltmeter Instrument

Measuring DC Voltages

Utilize the Analog Discovery's Voltmeter instrument to measure voltage in a circuit.

8.96K
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Basic Periodic Signals

Project 1: Waveform Generator

Using the Analog Discovery's arbitrary waveform generator to apply a time-varying signal to an LED to make it flash on and off. This project builds off of the previous Analog Discovery material.

7.79K
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Sinusoids and Swept Signals

Project 2: Waveform Generator

Use the arbitrary waveform generator on the Analog Discovery to apply sinusoidal and swept sinusoidal voltages to a speaker.

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Modulated Signals

Project 3: Waveform Generator

Use the arbitrary waveform generator on the Analog Discovery to create frequency modulated signals and apply them to a speaker. This project builds off of the previous Analog Discovery material.

4.94K
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Audio and .wav Files

Project 4: Waveform Generator

Use the Analog Discovery to play back .wav files through the speaker included in the analog parts kit. This project builds off of material presented in previous Analog Discovery projects.

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Importing Files and Playing “Scales”

Project 5: Waveform Generator

Use the Analog Discovery's ability to import "custom" waveforms from a file.

4.50K
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Creating Signals from Math and “Beating”

Project 6: Waveform Generator

Use the Analog Discovery's ability to create "custom" waveforms according to a mathematical function.

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Basic Waveform Measurement and Display

Project 1: Oscilloscope

Introduces the Analog Discovery's Oscilloscope instrument. Explains the basics of the ways in which voltages are acquired and displayed by the oscilloscope.

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Triggered Acquisition

Project 2: Oscilloscope

The Arbitrary waveform generator instrument will be used to apply relatively rapidly varying wave forms to the oscilloscope, and then triggering of the waveform will be used to make the waveform easier to view and analyze.

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Measurements and Cursors

Project 3: Oscilloscope

How to use some of the most basic and common oscilloscope tools to simplify the measurement process.

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Math Channels

Project 4: Oscilloscope

Introduces the use of the math channel function on the Analog Discovery. This function allows the user to perform a wide variety of mathematical operations, all of which can be applied to the voltages being measured.

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XY Plots

Project 5: Oscilloscope

Use the Analog Discovery to plot the voltage-current characteristics of a light emitting diode.

6.79K
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Exporting data

Project 6: Oscilloscope

Export the voltage-current data of a light emitting diode.

4.63K
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Single Sequence Acquisition

Project 7: Oscilloscope

Acquiring vibration data from the piezoelectric sensor from the analog parts kit.

4.15K
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Triggered Acquisition

Project 2: Oscilloscope

Triggered Acquisition

Project 2: Oscilloscope

Introduction

In this experiment, we will use triggering to make our wave form plots easier to understand. The Arbitrary Waveform Generator instrument on the Analog Discovery™ will be used to apply relatively rapidly varying wave forms to the oscilloscope. We will see that the high rate of change of these waveforms makes it difficult to interpret the waveform using our previous display techniques. We will then use triggering of the waveform to make the wave form easier to view and analyze.

Before you begin, you should:
  • Be able to use the Analog Discovery Waveform Generator to apply standard periodic voltage signals to a circuit.
  • Be able to use the Analog Discovery Oscilloscope
  • to measure and display time-varying voltages.
  • Be able to identify the “level” and “slope condition” of a trigger point on a sketch of a waveform.
After you're done, you should:
  • Use the Analog Discovery oscilloscope to perform triggered data acquisition.

Inventory:

Qty Description Typical Image Schematic Symbol Breadboard Image
1 LED
1 100Ω resistor

Procedures

Shortcut!

If you have completed the previous Oscilloscope project, and your circuit is still intact, simply:

  • Connect the terminals of Channel 1 (1+, 1-) to the LED terminals. (The negative terminals on the Analog Discovery are denoted by a white stripe, while the positive terminals are a solid color.)

  • Connect the terminals of Channel 2 (2+, 2-) to the resistor terminals. The image to the right displays the circuit setup required for the completion of this project.

Step 1: Set up Instruments

A. Use the Waveform Generator to Apply 13Hz Triangular Wave

 

B. Open the Scope Instrument

  1. Open WaveForms™ to view the main window.

  2. Click on the Scope icon to open the oscilloscope instrument.

Step 2: Experiment

A. Viewing the Signal Without Triggering

  1. Click on to start acquiring data. (Make sure Waveform Generator is running as well.) The waveform should scroll past the screen. The time scale, however, makes it difficult to see details of the waveform.

  2. Change the time base to 20 ms/div so that we can get a closer look at the features on the time waveform. At time bases below about 100ms/div, the display no longer shows the waveform propagating across the screen. Instead, it displays successive “snapshots” of the waveform. So now, although the time scale would allow us to see details of the waveform, the images presented are jumpy and don't really allow us to focus on the data.

  3. Now change the time base to 10 ms/div. The signal becomes more spread out in time so that the features would be easier to measure, but the display updates so quickly that it's nearly impossible to read anything of use!

B. Setting a Trigger and Viewing the Signal

  1. The waveform should “freeze” as shown in the figure above. Now, each “frame” of data shown by the scope will line up at the same point on the signal, so the display appears to be unchanging. This point, set to time = 0 seconds, is controlled by the trigger. The trigger we've chosen has caused time = 0 to be associated with the voltage on Channel 1. The trigger point is 0V. When the signal is rising the voltage is increasing.

Test Your Knowledge!

  1. Change the Level to -2V and notice where the trigger point is relative to your new level.

  2. Change the Condition to “Falling” and note where the trigger point is relative to the new condition.

  3. Change where time = 0 is on the screen by clicking and dragging on the symbol at the top of the display window. Notice its effect on the displayed waveform.

  4. Download the sinc.txt file by right-clicking the link and selecting “Save Link As..” to save it to your computer. Use Channel 1 of your function generator to import the file into the Waveform Generator and set the amplitude and frequencies as shown below.
  5. The images above are screenshots of Digilent WaveForms running on Microsoft Windows 7.
    • Connect Channel 1 of your oscilloscope (1+ and 1- terminals) directly to the AWG1 (W1 and Ground terminals).Set up your oscilloscope to trigger on the rising edge of the signal at a voltage of 0V. Use a time base of 5ms/div and a vertical scale of 2V/div on your oscilloscope display. Run the scope to see the signal.

  • Other product and company names mentioned herein are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies. © 2014 Digilent Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Circuit and breadboard images were created using Fritzing.